Grassfed Beef – Your Body Will Thank You!

Because of the reoccurring problems with meat, many individuals are trying to find a dependable solution to the difficulty. Individuals are tired of getting mass produced meat from grocery stores that may possibly, in the long run, be tainted. Not merely with bacteria and other fungi, but also not be great for their heart wellness.

With grassfed beef, you’ll see that there are many factors why this alternative to grain fed beef just isn’t only a nutritious selection to create but an environmentally friendly 1 too. When the cattle are able to live in their natural environment and eat what they had been developed to eat, you may uncover that you will have a lot more benefit from the beef also. Now is the time to create the change.

You’ll discover with grassfed beef, there is going to be much less fat. The saturated fat content is substantially lower in beef that’s fed with grass also as the amount of cholesterol discovered within the meat. When you take the time to consume healthy, leaner red meat, you will discover that your cholesterol levels will lower. Additionally, you will notice that with lean beef, there is much less calories so it is possible to in fact get your body in far better shape by eating red meat for example beef that is grassfed.

When you wish to increase the amount of vitamins within your meat, select grassfed beef. This is due to the fact the grass that the cattle are consuming is full of vitamin C, beta carotene and vitamin E. If you have an boost of these vitamins too as others that are inside the beef, you may uncover that your risk of having a heart illness or cancer, particularly breast cancer, will decrease. Also, with the amount of fatty acids being up to four times much more in beef which is grass fed, you may have much better mental wellness as well as a potential to have your blood pressure lowered.

As you’ll be able to see, there are several great benefits to eating grassfed beef. Now will be the time to talk to a nearby producer or find a producer that you can trust so that you can know that the beef you and your family members are consuming is from cattle that has been grass fed. With no hormones or antibiotics becoming utilized on the cattle, you will uncover that meat is leaner also as full of flavor. Attempt beef that’s grass fed today, your body will thank you!

How You Can Raise Vibrations Of Your Food And Drink

The dietetic value of nutrient has been well reported, but not their vibratory benefits. Every meal inside its own nature vibrates at its own rate and that specific rate entering the body modifies the body’s rate.

If it’s a disharmonic rate, the rate of the body is ruffled and interfered with and discord issues from this feud. The vibratory approach of reception has half to do with the food’s value. If one eats in the possession of annoyed vibrations, the vibrations of the food are over-powered by the short, stabbing indignant vibrations with ghastly reds and blacks and grays, mingling and sometimes a glow of burning repellent red all of which can be sensed in the aura by the sensitized eyes.

Its natural vibrations are decreased, pent-up and distorted, so the poison rate is reached and put to its work of lethal annihilation. This precipitated breath of an annoyed person will, injected into a mice, give instant death to the mice. It sets up all the poison rates in all the thoughts and feelings which make the vibratory rate of appetite.

By our vibratory rates at the time we consume, decided by our thoughts and feelings, we tweak the food rates for good or evil, of upbuilding or downtearing, having the urgent values of the food in their standard rate or having them reduced and confused and at work with their harmful rates. For instance by employing Solfeggio forks, we will be able to change rate of the food and energise our mind and body.

The wisdom of living, as to physical as well to psychological foods, and their practice, lies in the vibratory rates of the nutrient and the vibratory rates of the welcome to that food, which welcome includes appetite, manner of feeding, conditions psychological and emotional of the eater, and the physical rate which is native to him. When the physical rate is very well, the rate of the food must be all right, the appetite good and the fashion in which we handle an and welcome the meals very well.

Every single food should be served in all its appointments in a beauty and balance which belongs to the vibratory rate of the gathered people. Nevertheless we will be able to energise the food and drink simply by using Solfeggio frequencies. These ancient healing tones will raise the vibration of your food and drink, and this way you will have more life vitality. This strategy needs more experimenting, but scientists start to provide new exciting info regarding correlation between Solfeggio frequencies and our meals.

How to process alpaca fiber into yarn and felt?

Many novice and veteran alpaca farmers know that alpaca fiber is a very important and valuable part of alpaca farming. But before you take out your shears and begin shorning, take a few minutes to read this informative article on the steps involved in fiber processing.

First, a few prerequisites:

1.) If you have a small, manageable herd you can reasonably take care of the shearing on your own. It is a time consuming yet satisfactory process that will keep you engaged with your herd.

2.) If you are not skilled at shearing or are looking for a considerably professional job, consider hiring an itinerant shearer with the relevant skills to shear.

Fiber Processing Steps

Once per year you shear your alpacas. How does this raw fiber eventually become a sweater, a hat, mittens, slippers, a vest, or a variety of other garments? There are many creative ways to process fiber and ways to use fiber that will not be listed here. This list will be the basic steps for making yarn, and a little bit on wet felting as well.

Step 1 – Skirting: Take the freshly shorn fiber and spread it out over a mesh table. You will looking to remove two types of matter:

a.) You will first remove grass clippings, dirt, twigs and any other organic matter. The mesh table will allow all these organic matter to fall through the mesh while you pick out the imperfections.

If you have a fiber tumbler, skip to Step 2.

b.) You also want to remove the non-premium part of the fiber. This is usually derived from the neck, belly, legs and rump area of the alpaca. You can distinguish this as the fiber from these areas will be coarser and/or shorter than the “blanket” part of the fiber. This part of the fiber can be placed in a separate bag so as to separate it from the “blanket” part of the fiber.

Step 2 – Tumbling (optional): A tumbler is usually a mesh box or hexagon with a door on one side. If you are lucky enough to have one you can use this helpful tool to remove much of the unwanted particles in the fiber This is spun to allow the fiber to tumble a while, letting the small particles and short clips to filter out.

Note: the tumbling step should be omitted if you plan to submit a freshly shorn fleece to a show for judging. These fleeces must remain somewhat in tact with the fiber connected to itself in the way that it was on the animal.

Step 3 – Washing: For beginning alpaca farmers, it might be confusing as to why the washing is not done in the beginning. The answer has to do with the makeup of the alpaca fiber. It is not greasy like many other wools and so there is no need to wash it at that stage. More experienced alpaca farmers have their own methods as well. Some prefer to wash before spinning and some after spinning. The reasons can be varied from the brightness of the wool to the whether it will be dyed to whether you will be spinning a relatively tight yarn. Regardless of your choice, washing is best done with mild soap and warm water. There is really no need for special soaps or even laundry detergent since alpaca wool as mentioned earlier is not greasy due to the absence of lanolin.

Place the fiber gently into mesh bags, keeping them loose and using enough water so the fibers are thoroughly cleaned. You want the fiber to soak a while. Be careful to clean with little or no agitation. If you mix it or agitate the water much, the fiber will interlock and become one large matted fur ball that is useless. Once you’ve soaked them enough, drain your mesh bags and then spread out the fiber to dry.

Step 4 – Picking (Optional). After washing, the fiber will naturally begin to clump slightly. You can separate these clumps with your fingers, or use a picker. This device contains a series of very long, very sharp needles that separate the clumps into a consistent pile of soft fiber.

Step 5 – Fiber Drafting. This process is a way to blend colors of different fibers into new colors. This can also be done during the Carding step.

Step 6 – Dehairing. This is a process to remove long, coarse guard hairs from the mixture. It it can be done by hand during the skirting step, or by machine in a processing mill when being carded

From here you must decide if you want to make yarn or felt.

To make felt, it is a process of using soapy water in the fiber and working it into a layer that is the consistency of felt. When it is rinsed, the soap is removed and the fibers are interlocked.

To make yarn there are a few more steps…

Step 7 – Carding. This is a process to align all the fibers in the same direction. This can be done by hand with a couple hand-held carders that resemble brushes that you use to brush fiber back and forth until they are aligned. This process will yield a worsted-type yarn. To do more at a time, you can get rotary carders that will align more at a time, and give a woolen type yarn.

Step 8 – Spinning. This is the classic step that you use to spin the fiber into a consistent thickness of yarn. This can be done before carding also as some spinners prefer.

Step 9 – Plying. This process takes several strands of yarn and twists them together into a multi-ply yarn which will be much more strong and durable than a single twisted spin.

The important thing is to not get overwhelmed and not to expect perfection in the beginning. Try your best and get some alpaca fiber ready for spinning and see what you come up with. You won’t know until your try.

The beauty of alpaca fiber processing, is that still remains to a certain extent a cottage industry, so there are many alpaca farmers out there who are processing their own. Share your results with other alpaca farmers. You will get valuable feedback and so much more satisfaction knowing that you did it yourself instead of sending it off to be processed at a mill.

How do you create a healthy environment for your alpacas?

Alpacas have been successful raised in every state of the United States and do well both in northern and southern states. So, wherever you are in the US, you can successfully raise alpacas. These animals are hardy by nature and survive and adapt well.

At the same time, its in the best interest of the alpaca farmer (breeder) to ensure a healthy farm environment for his breed. The more suitable the environment for them to thrive, the better your chance of having more fiber.

Alpacas do well in the northern states and their thick fiber grown by winter helps protect them from the elements. A successful alpaca farmer (like any other farmer) will be in tune with the weather. Knowing when potential heat waves or high humidity days are approaching will help you be better prepared for helping them cool off. This can be as simple as hosing their legs and bellies with water and providing extra water buckets to help them get through the heat wave.

Consider keeping a hose attached and ready to go as soon as spring arrives. Whatever your approach, keep a closer eye on your alpacas on very hot days to make sure they are doing just fine. Generally the above will be enough to keep your breed happy and cool if you live in the northern states.

If you live in the southern states where heat and humidity are higher and harsher, then you have take a couple more steps. Consider installing cooling fans in the barn since this is where alpacas spend most of their daylight hours anyways during the summer. Keep a more frequent cooling schedule and perhaps have a neighbor or family member check in, if you work away from home. Think twice before installing regular fans instead of barn fans. The regular fans that are used in homes are not ideal for barns and can cause fires. They are also prone to dust buildup so its best to invest to in barn fans.

Alpacas have a few tricks up their sleeves as well when it comes to cooling off in the summer. They like cool dry weather, so consider planting trees in your pasture to help them get some shade on the sunny hot days. Think carefully about the areas on your farm that alpacas will have access to, and make sure to space them out so they always have a nice shelter nearby.

Another trick that alpacas have to cool off is that they like rolling around in bare spots in the pasture covering themselves with sand. So consider having some of these “sand spots” as well in your pasture.

If you live in an extremely northern climate where the winters are very harsh, you should consider focusing on Huacaya alpacas since these are larger and better able to handle colder climates than Suri alpacas.

When it comes to shelter, less is usually better. You can house your alpacas in a traditional animal barn or you can have a three-sided shelter. The advantage of an open shelter is that alpacas like to see and so visibility is a desirable advantage.

Second, on hot and humid days the breeze that will come from the open area will help cool them off as opposed to a traditional animal barn. Alpacas really only need a means to get out of the wind, rain and strong sun so your open shelter will be better for them and help reduce the need for cooling fans.

Jobs You Can Get With An Online Agriculture Degree

Getting an online agriculture degree can prepare you for a variety of interesting careers. Agriculture is not always considered when thinking of jobs that have a promising future, but it should be. There are a variety of interesting jobs you can get with an online agriculture degree. In the past, one of the drawbacks of getting any sort of agriculture degree was that it could be difficult to find a university that offered one. Fortunately, a number of schools not offer an online agriculture degree, which means you can get one from just about anywhere in the country. Here are some of the jobs you can get with an online agriculture degree.

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Agricultural inspector

One of the most important aspects to managing the food supply is to ensure its safety, both in the processing and the distribution. One job that an online agriculture degree can prepare you for is that of agricultural inspector. An inspector evaluates livestock to make sure they are healthy and kept in sanitary conditions. He might also inspect conditions on farms and in food processing facilities.

Agribusiness

Those with an online agriculture degree might also consider getting into the business side of agriculture. The production of food is a multi-billion dollar business, and the companies that process and distribute it need employees who can do everything from manage farms, to analyze prices, to formulate marketing plans for various products.

Animal Breeding

Though it may not immediately spring to mind as a job requiring an online agriculture degree, a breeder with this qualification is at a distinct advantage. In-depth knowledge of animal health and genetics is invaluable when it comes to determining how to breed birth and raise healthy animals.

Agricultural Engineering

Probably the area with the most possibilities and promise for those with an online agriculture degree is agricultural engineering. This field encompasses everything from designing farm buildings and equipment to genetically engineering hardier and more productive crops. Agricultural engineers can also design more efficient irrigation systems, and develop more productive ways to harvest crops. An online agriculture degree is just the beginning for a career that has almost endless possibilities when it comes to further education and opportunities to participate in highly advanced and well-compensated research and development. The job prospects in this area are many, and it’s a good idea to think about an area of specialization when starting on a four-year degree course.

An online agriculture degree can be a great way to put yourself into a competitive position for any of the jobs above. Because of the online possibilities, finding a school is a great deal easier today than it was just a few years ago. Choosing to get an online agriculture degree means that you will be able to study from just about any location and might have considerably more flexibility with your schedule than traditional programs might give you. Getting an online agriculture degree means that you will be creating a number of excellent opportunities for yourself in a field that will continue to grow for the foreseeable future.

Some Quick Facts About Specialists Of Online Agriculture Degrees

Students of online agriculture degrees eventually become agricultural scientists or food scientists when they graduate. Specialists and professionals of online agriculture degrees play an essential role for the United States, or for any country for that matter. This is because specialists of online agriculture degrees are the ones who make sure that the safety, productivity, and quality of a society’s food supply are maintained at good levels. They are the ones ultimately responsible for ensuring that a nation has enough food to feed its populace.

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For one thing, due to the nature of their profession, most specialists of online agriculture degrees, about half of all them, work for the local governments, state governments, and the federal government in the United States. In a nutshell, if one is considering in starting a career as a specialist of online agriculture degrees, earning a bachelor’s degree is ample qualification for some job posts like applied food and agriculture research. However, if one is aiming for something higher and more advanced, he or she needs a master’s degree or doctorate degree in online agriculture degrees.

As mentioned above, specialists and professionals of online agriculture degrees play vital roles in society, as they are in charge of safeguarding and improving the most basic need of every living organism in this planet: food. So to speak, one can imagine specialists of online agriculture degrees as some sort of ‘food guardians’. Agricultural scientists study and examine farm crops, produce, and farm animals so they could develop methods to improve their quantity and quality. Essentially, they develop techniques and methods so farmers can get more crop yields with less manual labor. Additionally, specialists of online agriculture degrees also strive to develop safe and effective techniques in controlling farm pests like harmful insects and weeds. Of course, it is also part of their job to ensure that the use and health of soil and water resources are conserved. Specialists and professionals of online agriculture degrees also research ways of transforming raw agricultural goods into attractive but nutritious food products for all sorts of consumers.

The profession or field of knowledge that specialists of online agriculture degrees work on is quite related to the science of biology; it is actually more like a branch of applied biological science. Professionals of online agriculture degrees apply, integrate, and make use of principles from chemistry, biology, mathematics, physics, and other applied sciences to come with solutions to various agricultural concerns and issues. Agricultural scientists work closely with other biological scientists in the field with some biological studies and research. These scientists work hand in hand to bring the biotechnological advances in employ and application to improve agriculture practices and techniques.

As mentioned above, most specialists of online agriculture degrees work on the field of research, study and development for various government agencies concerned with health, food, and nutrition. However, some of them also work as managers in the marketing and production divisions of private food and agricultural firms. Some of them are not entirely focused on biotechnology, as some specialists of online agriculture degrees also work on developing food and farm machinery and devices.

Can Inbound Marketing Really Help You Sell Tractors to Farmers?

There is no doubt that the way the general consumer makes purchase decisions has drastically changed.  As well, there has always been a stigma that, when it comes to agriculture, marketing is 10 years behind everyone else.  The reality is that’s an excuse not a fact.  In today’s technological age, digital marketing, and more specifically inbound marketing, is as effective in selling tractors, seeds, and animal genetics as it is when it is selling to the Fortune 500 companies of this world.

How things have changed

Let’s take a look at how a typical producer would approach buying a new tractor.  Considering that the smallest  new tractor   starts at about $15,000 and, with size and add-ons, can go well over $200,000 it not surprising that producers  want to do all their homework before making this significant purchase.  In the past this, meant going to the local dealership and talking to the sales representative about the different available models.  Then if they had a neighbor who had recently purchased that make and model, they would ask them about what they liked about it.  The decision to focus on a certain type of tractor was largely shaped by test drives, advice from friends, commercials and magazines.  Access to certain tractor brands was cost prohibitive because driving from dealer to dealer was time consuming.  Especially when certain makes and models could not be found nearby.

Fast forward 50 years and that has all changed.  Instead of going to the local dealership, they are jumping online where they find all of the information is at their fingertips.  They also can access full reviews of all tractors as well as join forums and ask other producers from around the world what their experience has been, both positive and negative.  They can even go online and find a Tractor Buying Guide from companies like John Deere.  When they’re ready, they can even shop around for    their financing options to find the lowest rates.  These will probably not come from the local bank as it did in the past, but from wherever they find the lowest rate available in the state or even the country.

This process is a great example of the way control has shifted from the salesperson to the consumer.  No longer is the salesman the knowledge expert. Today they are more of a customer service agent than a salesman.  It’s is estimated that buyers do not reach out to the salespeople until they are about 70% through the buying process.  This means that tractor dealerships are no longer involved in creating the buying criteria, but rather find themselves trying to compete on price with dealerships from a much larger area.

John Deere the original inbound marketer

In 1895, agriculture equipment giant John Deere began publication of a magazine called “The Furrow” and sent it out to farmers to share information about farming and the latest practices they should be implementing.  When the farmers read this information and decided they needed new equipment, the first place they would consider was naturally John Deere.  This is inbound marketing.  It builds relationships between your brand and customers by attracting them with valuable content in the same way that “The Furrow,” did.  “The Furrow” is still in publication today.

Inbound vs. Outbound Marketing

Most dealers allocate a high percentage of their overall marketing budget toward outbound marketing.  That was effective at one time, but not anymore.  Newspapers are being replaced by online news.  Radio is replaced with iPods.  Billboards are being replaced with online banner ads.  And direct mail is being thrown in the garbage.

Instead of spending all this money on outbound methods, tractor dealerships and companies need to start focusing on inbound marketing tactics such as the following:

Google Ads

With the power of Google AdWords you can target producers from a very specific region (say 100km from your dealership), who search online for very specific keywords such as a tractor make or model, or the name of a competitor.  All of these are strong indicators that your prospect is in a buying mode.

Targeted Facebook Promotions and Campaigns

Facebook not only has the power for you to gain likes and followers, it also has a very robust ad platform.  You can run ads targeted at producers from a very specific region who have keyed in specific interests.

Start a blog

A blog establishes a presence.  It’s like having a neon “Open” sign.  The challenge is getting people to come in and feel comfortable.  This is accomplished by responding to comments and continually having new posts.  It’s important to blog about the issues that your prospects are facing during their buying process.  This will not only help educate them but will also develop brand affinity.

The Bottom Line

There is no question that the way producers buy has drastically changed.  They are no longer only speaking to those individuals that are located within a few miles.  They are now talking with fellow producers from around the world.  The power of the Internet has drastically changed how they buy.  The problem is that many agribusinesses have not changed their marketing tactics.  I often hear about how agriculture is 10 years behind the other industries.  I would argue that is not the case at all.  Producers are just as involved in the digital age as any other profession is.  The problem is agribusinesses and the Ag marketers that work with them are the ones who are 10 years behind.

A List Of Healthy Foods To Eat

Finding a account of advantageous foods to eat is not as simple you would think. There are a lot of amazing foods in the apple that can access your able-bodied getting and accomplish you attending amazing. It is just about award them.

What is advantageous food?

Healthy aliment is aliment that is healthy. Now that ability complete oversimplified but that is what it is. You can about acquaint what aliment is advantageous and what aliment is not. Fruit and vegetables are the accessible choice. The botheration is that every bend seems to be abounding with a fast aliment joint. This makes authoritative the advantageous choices a little bit harder.

Why fruits and vegetables?

They may assume addled to eat but they are the “bread and butter” of advantageous foods. You could accomplish a account of advantageous foods to eat appropriate now by artlessly visiting the fruits and vegetables area of any supermarket. Why is this?

Fruits and vegetables accommodate all the vitamins that your physique needs on a circadian basis. This includes vitamins A, B, C, D and E. They all serve altered areas of the body. On top of this they are aswell actual low in fat. So you are bistro aliment but not autumn anything. The low abundance of carbohydrates that they are fabricated of is burnt of bound throughout the day. Celery for archetype is in actuality advised a abrogating calorie food. You in fact lose weight bistro it.

What abroad is healthy?

To be in fact advantageous and acquisition a account of advantageous foods to eat, you are about traveling to charge added than just fruits and vegetables. Carbohydrates and proteins are the abject of any meal. Breads, cereals, rice and pasta are all accomplished carbohydrates. The wholemeal best is consistently the best option.

Proteins are capital for beef adjustment and cover meat, poultry, angle and eggs. Of advance the appropriate affectionate of meat have to be chosen. Chicken breast is an accomplished choice, forth with turkey and tuna. When bistro eggs it is consistently best to accumulate the egg yolks to a minimum. A arrangement of 1 yolk to 3 eggs is ideal.

Milk, yoghurt and cheese are accomplished sources of calcium which abundantly allowances your cartilage strength. The low fat best of both is aswell recommended.

What about fats?

The appropriate affectionate of fats in the appropriate quantities is in fact essential. Sweets and absurd aliment about do not fit in to this category. Angle oil and basics are affluent a antecedent of advantageous fats including Omega-3.

How abundant do I Eat?

This absolutely depends on your circadian action level. To lose weight, carbohydrates and fats should be belted to a low amount. Weight aliment can be done artlessly by authoritative the advantageous choices and alienated clutter food.

Can I anytime eat clutter food?

At the end of the day, we are all animal and it is absurd to abolish cravings for clutter aliment for the blow of your life. So you absolutely can eat clutter aliment but alone already in a while. For archetype you could accolade yourself for a anniversary of advantageous bistro by traveling out of a meal. This is accomplished as continued as you are aback to advantageous bistro the next day.

Where can I acquisition a complete account of these advantageous foods?

This is a basal overview of a account of advantageous foods to eat. There are abounding guides accessible that can advice you with this and in fact do accommodate you with a account of advantageous foods to eat. They can be actual affordable and able-bodied account the money.

How The Future Looks For Those With A Degree In Agriculture

The attention of the employment market is often focused on jobs in high-tech and manufacturing, but there are interesting developments going on for those with a degree in agriculture. Those with a degree in agriculture are no longer confined to simply working on projects that benefit only agriculture. A degree in agriculture can now set graduates on a path that includes careers in environmental clean-up, work on genetically modified plants, or alternative fuels. For those who are interested, a degree in agriculture is the first step to getting a career in a field that is constantly expanding and growing. Here are some of the reasons for these changes.

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One of the biggest drivers of change in the area of agriculture is technology. If you get a degree in agriculture, you will need to be prepared to get a firm understanding of the way technology is used in the various aspects of agriculture. Learning about genetics can lead to a career in biotechnology. A large part of the science involved in agriculture has to do with developing ways of making both plants and animals more productive and more resistant to drought and disease. A degree in agriculture will help give you the background necessary to pursue further study, should you decide to become a researcher in this area.

Environmental issues are another area at the forefront of public concern where a degree in agriculture can prepare you for a highly relevant career. Due to environmental concerns, governments and businesses are constantly looking at ways to make agriculture more environmentally friendly. Getting a degree in agriculture will help you to understand the issues and give you the tools to solve today’s problems. These can range from water shortages to finding alternatives to chemical pesticides.

Another development that has made the outlook for those who wish to get a degree in agriculture even brighter is that there is an increase in programs offering such a degree. In the past, very few universities offered the possibility of a degree in agriculture unless they were located in a predominantly agricultural area. This is no longer the case. Because there are now such a variety of jobs awaiting those who have a degree in agriculture, more and more universities are offering such programs. In addition, a great many of those now also offer the possibility of taking some or all of the courses online, meaning that you no longer have to relocate to one of the few programs in the country.

Recent developments in a variety of areas have created opportunities for those with a degree in agriculture. An increase in technological applications for agriculture as well as many environmental concerns has created job opportunities in many fields that might not even have existed until recently. To meet this demand, more and more universities have created programs so that a larger number of students can enter and graduate into a variety of careers that continue to be created by the needs of the world for more and safer food sources.

Chitin For Agriculture

Chitin is a rigid material that gives external strength and protection to the soft bodies of many invertebrates. Chitin makes up the chitinous shells or exoskeletons (hard outer protective layer) of arthropods such as shrimp, crabs, and lobsters. The oldest known evidence of chitin can be found in 25 million year old fossils of trilobites, whose shells were made of chitin. The beaks of octopus and squid are made of chitin. Many insects’ exoskeletons are composed of chitin, such as grasshoppers and cockroaches. The shells of beetles and webs of spiders contain chitin. True fungi have cell walls made of chitin, unlike most plants whose cell walls get strength from cellulose.

Chitin is a flexible, strong material with many medical, industrial, and agricultural uses. It is the second most abundant natural polysaccharide (after cellulose) on earth. Chitin’s abundance and low cost make it desirable as a raw material. Chitin is a precursor to glucosamine and chitosan. The chitin molecule is a polysaccharide composed of many units of glucosamine. Glucosamine is made by hydrolyzing chitin. Chitosan is made by the deacetylation of chitin.

Chitin protects plants from fungus in two ways: internally and externally. When exposed to chitin, plants turn on natural “internal” defenses to protect themselves against fungal infection. Chitin feeds good bacteria in the soil that kill (and live off of) fungus that might otherwise harm the plant. This is a form of “external” protection from fungus.

Farmers protect plants from fungus infection with pesticides called “fungicides.” Pesticides are chemicals that can be dangerous and harmful to the environment. Chitin is an organic form of fungus control that is not dangerous and does not hurt the environment. Farmers could reduce the use of pesticides by using organic alternatives such as chitin.

Acetylated chitin nanofiber sheets are used as a protective coating over everything from solar panels to cell phone screens to car paint. Chitin nanofiber sheets form a clear, protective, self-healing barrier for wear and tear.

Chitin is used in wound-care for bandages, to block pain due to exposed nerve endings, and to help accelerate the healing of wounds. An ideal surgical thread is made from chitin due to its flexibility and strength.